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THC (Cannabinoids) Screen


Immunoassay screen for qualitative detection of THC in urine.

The principal active agent in marijuana and/or hashish that produces hallucinogenic and other biological effects is generally accepted to be ∆9 -tetrahydrocannabinol (∆9 -THC). ∆9 -THC is rapidly absorbed and almost completely metabolized by inhalation or through the gastrointestinal tract. The major metabolites of ∆9 -THC (i.e. 11-nor-∆9 -THC-9-carboxylic acid) becomes detectable in plasma, feces and urine within hours after exposure. Passive inhalation of marijuana smoke can result in an elevation of urine THC concentration as high as 10-40 ng/mL. In chronic users, THC may accumulate in fatty tissue faster than it can be excreted. This leads to longer detection times in urine for chronic users than for occasional users.

The cannabinoid screening assay uses specific monoclonal antibody which can detect the major metabolite of ∆9 -THC in urine. The assay is based on the competition of a drug labeled with enzyme, glucose6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH), and the drug from the urine sample for a fixed amount of specific antibody binding sites. In the absence of drug from the sample, the specific antibody binds the drug labeled with G6PDH and the enzyme activity is inhibited. This phenomenon creates a direct relationship between the drug concentration in urine and the enzyme activity. The G6PDH activity is determined spectrophotometrically at 340 nm by measuring the conversion of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) to NADH.

Test Utility

This test is used to detect the presence of illicit or prescription medications in urine.

Specimen Collection and Preparation

  • At least 1 mL of urine should be collected in a urine specimen container.

Specimen Storage and Stability

Urine specimen should be stored under refrigerated conditions (2–8°C) until analysis. Samples will also be stored under refrigerated conditions on site for 2 weeks post analysis.

Specimen Rejection

  • Insufficient sample volume

  • Specimen labeled incorrectly or not labeled

  • Specimen validity tests indicate adulterated test

Reference Pages


Monday – Saturday

Result available within 24-48 hours of receipt in laboratory

NOTE: Specimens are refrigerated (2-8°) for 14 days before disposal


Vibra Health Laboratory

1307- A, Allen Dr

Troy, MI 48083

(248) 846-0663

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